Common Name(s): Hackberry, Sugarberry
Scientific Name: Celtis occidentalis, Celtis laevigata
Distribution: Eastern North America
Tree Size: 40-60 ft (12-18 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter
Average Dried Weight: 595 kg/m3 MC 12%
Shrinkage: Radial: 4.8%, Tangential: 8.9%, Volumetric: 13.8%, T/R Ratio: 1.9
Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light brown to gray. Wide sapwood is a contrasting light yellow. Susceptible to blue-gray fungal staining if not processed promptly. It’s overall appearance is similar to ash (Fraxinus spp.), and it’s sometimes used in place of ash.
Grain/Texture: Grain is usually straight or occasionally slightly interlocked, with a very coarse uneven texture.
Endgrain: Ring-porous; 2-3 rows of large to very large earlywood pores; small to medium latewood pores in wavy tangential bands; tyloses common; parenchyma vasicentric, banded (marginal); medium to wide rays, spacing wide.
Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable to perishable. Also susceptible to fungal discoloration and insect attack.
Workability: Generally good working characteristics with both hand and machine tools, though smaller pieces with knots, or sections with interlocked grain can pose challenges in machining. Responds superbly to steam bending. Glues, turns, stains, and finishes well.
Common Uses: Furniture, boxes/crates, veneer, turned objects, and bent parts.
Comments: In terms of outward appearance, Hackberry bears a close resemblance to ash; anatomically, however, it’s closest to elm (Ulmus spp.), with the pores arranged in wavy tangential bands (ulmiform arrangement), which is characteristic of the elms. Hackberry is reputed to among the very best woods for steam bending among hardwoods native to the United States and Canada.
 
Our stock
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Square edged Hackberry - KD
Approx. lengths 120 up to 400 cm. 
Random widths
Thickness: 33 mm  
 
Impressions
Click the picture to enlarge. Square edged Hackberry - KD (Homé Hout, 2024)